占位图片服务器

借用模板,创建新项目 placeholder

django-admin startproject placeholder --template=project_name
# project_name代码
# https://blog.csdn.net/sunt2018/article/details/102453472
# placeholder/placeholder.py
import os
import sys
from django.conf import settings

DEBUG = os.environ.get("DEBUG","on") == "on"

SECRET_KEY = os.environ.get("SECRET_KEY","27=e-x3t448o!37a*=rs0qsqp9g^3ps(g!vc=^n&5rl5eb906(")

ALLOWED_HOSTS = os.environ.get("ALLOWED_HOSTS","*").split(',')

BASE_DIR = os.path.dirname(__name__)

settings.configure(
    DEBUG=DEBUG,
    SECRET_KEY=SECRET_KEY,
    ALLOWED_HOSTS=ALLOWED_HOSTS,
    ROOT_URLCONF=__name__,
    MIDDLEWARE_CLASS=(
        'django.middleware.common.CommonMiddleware',
        'django.middleware.csrf.CsrfViewMiddleware',
        'django.middleware.clickjacking.XFrameOptionsMiddleware',
        ),
    INSTALLED_APPS = (
        'django.contrib.staticfiles',
        ),
    TEMPLATES=(
          {
            'BACKEND':'django.template.backends.django.DjangoTemplates',
            'DIRS':[os.path.join(BASE_DIR,'templates'),],
          },
        ),
    STATICFILES_DIRS=(
        os.path.join(BASE_DIR,'static'),    
        ),
    STATIC_URL='/static/',
    )


from django import forms
from django.conf.urls import url
from django.core.cache import cache
from django.urls import reverse
from django.http import HttpResponse,HttpResponseBadRequest
from django.shortcuts import render
from django.views.decorators.http import etag
from django.core.wsgi import get_wsgi_application

import hashlib
from io import BytesIO
from PIL import Image,ImageDraw

class ImageForm(forms.Form):
    height = forms.IntegerField(min_value=1,max_value=2000)
    width  = forms.IntegerField(min_value=1,max_value=2000)

    def generate(self,image_format='PNG'):
        height = self.cleaned_data['height']
        width  = self.cleaned_data['width']
        key = '{}.{}.{}'.format(image_format,width,height) # cache key
        content = cache.get(key)
        if content is None:
            image = Image.new('RGB',(width,height))
            draw = ImageDraw.Draw(image)
            text = '{} X {}'.format(width,height)
            textwidth,textheight = draw.textsize(text)
            if textwidth < width and textheight < height:
                texttop = (height - textheight) // 2
                textleft = (width - textwidth) // 2
                draw.text((textleft,texttop),text,fill=(255,255,255))
            content = BytesIO()
            image.save(content,image_format)
            content.seek(0)
            cache.set(key,content,60*60)
        return content

def generate_etag(request,width,height):
    content = 'placeholder: {0} x {1}'.format(width,height)
    return hashlib.sha1(content.encode('utf-8')).hexdigest()
# 判断请求头中 与 generate_etag返回的是否一致,一致则返回304
@etag(generate_etag)
def placeholder(request,width,height):
    form = ImageForm({'height':height,'width':width})

    if form.is_valid():
        image = form.generate()
        return HttpResponse(image,content_type='image/png')
    else:
        # 400 , str -> Invalid Image Request
        return HttpResponseBadRequest('Invalid Image Request')


def index(request):
    example = reverse('placeholder',kwargs = {'width':80,'height':80})
    content = {
        'example':request.build_absolute_uri(example)
    }
    return render(request,'home.html',content)


urlpatterns = (
    url(r'^$',index,name='homepage'),
    url(r'^image/(?P<width>[0-9]+)x(?P<height>[0-9]+)/$',placeholder,name='placeholder'),
    # url --> image/30x25/
)

application = get_wsgi_application()


if __name__ == '__main__':
    from django.core.management import execute_from_command_line

    execute_from_command_line(sys.argv)

templates/home.html

{% load staticfiles %}
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang='en'>
<head>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <title>Django Placeholder Images</title>
    <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="{% static 'site.css' %}" type="text/css">
</head>

<body>
    <h1>Django Placeholder Images</h1>
    <p>This server can be used for serving placeholder
    images for any web page.
    </p>
    <p>To request a placeholder image of a given width and height
    simply include an image with the source pointing to
    <b>/image/&lt;width&gt;x&lt;height&gt;</b>
    on this server such as;</p>
    <pre>
        &lt;img src="{{ example }}" &gt;
    </pre>
    <h2>Examples</h2>
    <ul>
        <li><img src="{% url 'placeholder' width=50 height=50 %}"></li>
        <li><img src="{% url 'placeholder' width=100 height=50 %}"></li>
        <li><img src="{% url 'placeholder' width=50 height=100 %}"></li>
    </ul>
</body>

static/site.css

body {
text-align:center;
}

ul {
list-type:none;
}

li {
display:inline-block;
}

运行

python placeholder.py runserver 0.0.0.0:9999

效果
访问 http://localhost:9999/
在这里插入图片描述

访问 http://localhost:9999/image/80x80/
在这里插入图片描述

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